31 July 2012 Common Core Implications for Literacy Strategies across the Curriculum
Strategies for Literacy Emphasis in Reading
Typical lessons will involve three stages of support: Preparation, Activation, & Reflection (PAR)
Examples of preparation activities would include anything you do with students to get them ready to dig in and make sense of what they read. Create a sense of purpose.Build Background Knowledge: This can be as simple as asking students to think about, talk, or write about what they already know or think they know about a subject for reading.
Here the emphasis is on keeping the students’ brains fully engaged in interacting with the text, rather than just passively skimming the surface. Do something while reading to harvest thinking and make sense. Taking notes about what to memorize or answering literal recall questions doesn’t count.
Strategy: Text Codes (document file below) Using NY Times article "Don't Indulge. Be Happy."
Post-reading work is often where student thinking can become crystallized, particularly in collaborative work with peers in thinking/reading groups/circles. Format can be spoken or written, but the very act of taking this reading work to the next level helps students actually clarify what they do think about what they’ve read. Typical whole-class discussion with a few students and the teacher just doesn’t get enough students thinking. Create individual accountability to take part.
Strategy: Written Conversations: Students “hold a sustained silent discussion" by exchanging a series of notes that are passed around a small group. Identify a debatable or at least disputable topic of study, in this case reactions to a text. Lay out the topic for students, and then each student will write for about 3-5 minutes on his or her own piece of paper on the topic before passing the writing to the next person in the group. Continue to pass three or four times total. Each pass will take a bit longer since students will need time to read over what the other students have written so far.
GCPS Online Research Library (ORL) for HIGH SCHOOL
These databases and eBooks can provide a variety of texts for almost any class. Get passwords to access them off-campus as well.
Database Usage Tips:
· Save time with MEGA-Searches (multiple databases searched at once): ABC-CLIO, Gale PowerSearch, & Galileo
· Many databases enable searching by specific source type, such as primary documents, essays, magazines, newspapers, topic overviews.
· Most allow students and teachers a wide variety of options for items found: save, email, or print.
· Galileo’s MAS Ultra Search provides access to nearly 500 different publications especially designed for high school students’ interests and scholastic needs. Electronic versions of most are available within a week of their print publication. Find special interest magazines like Sports Illustrated under Publications. Then open any issue and see all the articles from that edition.
· Almost all will provide students with an MLA citation which can be copied and pasted into an assignment or Works Cited page.
· Wonderful databases for topics for argument, debate, and thought: Opposing Viewpoints in Context, SIRS Knowledge Source Leading Issues, and ABC -CLIO Issues (coming soon). These articles or topics often have statistics, charts, and graphics suitable for use in MATH readings. Many of the topics have SCIENCE connections like genetics or the environment.
· The single database devoted to all things SCIENCE is Science in Context.
· EASY BIB is now available in its full format, including storing virtual note cards from sources in addition to citing sources.
· Note that clicking the content area links—general reference, biography, language arts, science, social studies--at the top of the ORL page narrows the list of databases to those best suited to a particular subject area.
· Check out all the e-books titles and series students can use at school and home on a wide variety of topics.